Jul 22, · With the lopsided casualty count mounting, world leaders are demanding a halt to the hostilities. But Israel’s ground invasion operation has uncovered more militants’ tunnels than it expected. Operation Protective Edge ; Part of the Gaza–Israel conflict (left) A home in Gaza bombed by Israel (right) Iron Dome missile defense system in operation. The Gaza Strip, the square mile stretch of land located along the Mediterranean coast between Egypt and Israel, has endured decades of protest, military operations and violence as Israel and the Palestinian Authority have both asserted the right to control the area. It is separated by Israel.